|SCRUB AND HIGH PINE
SUBSTRATE: Droughty, sandy, low-fertility soils.
TOPOGRAPHY: Hilly uplands.
evergreen oaks and/or Florida rosemary; may have a sand pine or
slash pine overstory; contains 13 federally listed endangered or
threatened plant species. High pinelongleaf pine interspersed with deciduous oaks,
especially turkey oak, with an herbaceous layer usually dominated
thousand species of arthropods; threatened Florida scrub jay, Florida
scrub lizard, threatened sand and blue-tailed mole skinks, gopher
tortoise, threatened Florida black bear, white-tailed deer, bobcat,
gray fox, spotted skunk, raccoon. High-pinemany
broadly distributed vertebrates; endangered red-cockaded woodpecker,
bobwhite quail, Sherman's fox squirrel, gopher tortoise.
PROCESSES / DYNAMICS / ABIOTIC FACTORS: Scrubdependent
on infrequent, high-intensity fires. High pinedependent
on frequent, low-intensity fires.
HUMAN IMPACTS: Scrubecosystem
rare, even prior to European settlement; after earlier losses to
agriculture, now threatened primarily by real estate development.
High pine6.5 million board feet
of virgin longleaf pine removed in Florida in late 1800s and early
1900s; does not regenerate well; very few good examples of old growth
longleaf pine remain.
ANIMALS AND PLANTS NATIVE TO ECOSYSTEM: List of selectable
and plants native to the Scrub and High Pine ecosystem, with
detailed descriptions and pictures on each.