|PINE FLATWOODS AND DRY PRAIRIES
SUBSTRATE: Relatively poorly drained, acidic, sandy
TOPOGRAPHY: Low, flat
VEGETATION: Pine flatwoodsoverstory
of longleaf, slash, or pond pine dominates; shrub understory contains
species such as saw palmetto, wax myrtle, gallberry, and wiregrass.
Dry prairiessimilar to pine flatwoods
but lacking pine overstory.
FAUNA: Diverse birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians
are found in pine flatwoods, (e.g., eastern diamondback rattlesnake,
threatened red-cockaded woodpecker, white-tailed deer, threatened
Florida black bear, endangered Florida panther). Dry prairies are
primary habitat of threatened crested caracara and threatened sandhill
PROCESSES / DYNAMICS / ABIOTIC FACTORS: Natural fires
tend to maintain relatively stable stands of pine flatwoods and
HUMAN IMPACTS: Flatwoods and dry prairies combine
to produce the most extensive type of major terrestial ecosystem
in Florida; they are now being converted to many uses, including
agriculture, pasture for livestock, and urbanization; alteration
of natural fire regimes can cause major changes in species composition,
even when not accompanied by land-use conversions.
ANIMALS AND PLANTS NATIVE TO ECOSYSTEM: List of selectable
and plants native to the Pine Flatwoods and Dry Prairies ecosystem,
with detailed descriptions and pictures on each.